In the past 40 years, the automobile fatality rate has dropped almost 60% to 11.1 fatalities per 100,000 of the population. This is a direct result of improved vehicle design and better enforcement of drunken driving laws. Unfortunately, the auto fatality rate has started to increase again as a direct result of distracted driving. At any given time, 11% of drivers are talking on the phone or are using applications. The use of a phone, even a so called hands free phone, quadruples the risk of a crash.